Welcome to Defender’s Voice. I am Dr.Paul. Thank you for joining us today. This program is dedicated to answering your questions. These days are tough. But don’t lose your heart. Look to Jesus in all circumstances. He is coming soon. So live every day with faith, joy and hope. Visit my website http://www.doctor paul.org to support this ministry.
Today’s question is, recently I heard from individuals like Esther Dhanraj, Sonia and Indumathi Viswanathan that all Nazis were Christians. Is this true?
Excellent question. Hindus, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, atheists – this is everybody’s favorite attack on Christianity. It comes in many forms. They say, ‘Hitler and and his Nazi associates were all Christians’, ‘Hitler was a Roman Catholic’, ‘Nazi Germany was a Christian country’ etc.
No matter what our background, most of us agree that the horrors of the Second World War were monstrously evil. The depravity of the Holocaust in which more than 9 million people were slaughtered make us stop and ponder on the nature of human beings and the evil they are capable of inflicting on each other. When I traveled through Germany and Poland, I visited a few concentration camps and heard the stories of a few individuals who were abused in those places.
young men put into involuntary servitude
elderly men put into starvation
women deprived of their privacy and dignity
children subjected to cruel scientific experiments
groups of people gassed into extinction in gas chambers
When I visited Auschwitz, I asked myself:
How could this happen in a very civilized, highly educated society like Germany? How could this happen in a country that gave us Martin Luther, Johannes Kepler, Handel, Beethoven and Einstein?
First let me discuss the ideologies which were prevalent in the decades leading upto the Holocaust.
The Nazis started with an utopia. They wanted a perfect state for a perfect race. Hitler took over a generation of people to further his cause. Let me give you one startling fact: in Germany in 1939, on the eve of the Second World War, 98% of a population of 8.87 million boys and girls between the ages of 10 and 18 were members of the Hitler Youth. These children would stand in rows, make salutes to the photograph of Hitler and then sing, We are Hitler’s youth, we don’t need Christian truth.
A generation of children and young people was raised singing that song- we are Hitler’s youth, we don’t need Christian truth. We can see a deliberate rejection of Christian truth. Christianity says human beings cannot build utopias on their own. They are not perfect, so they cannot build perfect nations. They are fallen and sinful and incapable of achieving perfection. Only through Jesus the Messiah, a utopian kingdom will become a reality in this world.
The Nazis did not just want a political movement or power in the government. Their aim was to create a new social order that would transform the public and private life of every citizen. Hitler once said, ‘My aim is to create first-rate revolutionary upheavals, regardless what methods and means I will use in the process”
A Christian never talks like that. ‘I don’t care what method or means I will use. I am going to achieve it’. A Christian should ask himself or herself, ‘this is what I want to achieve. But is this biblical? Do I please my Savior by having such an objective?’ Then he or she will look into the ‘methods and means’. ‘These are the methods and means I would like to use to achieve my objectives. But is this God’s will for my life? Does Lord Jesus Christ approve of such methods and means?’
Jesus said, ‘Seek ye first the kingdom of God’. Nazis wanted to build a kingdom of man. For the Christian, ends never justify the means. Jesus prescribed both ends and means before every Christian. The revolutionarism that Nazis believed in was not Christian in character.
The Nazis built a totalitarian system. Let me give you one example. The Hitler Youth. This program created divisions between parents and their children. First, the Nazis encourage German children to inform their Hitler Youth leaders about critical comments made by their relatives. ‘I don’t like this war on Poland’. You might say that before your little sister and think you are safe and nobody would know. You’re wrong. Read Irmgard Hunt’s book, On Hitler’s Mountain. As a nine-year-old Irmgard Hunt narrowly avoided betraying her grandfather to the Gestapo after her Nazi teacher tried to find out what the angry grandfather thought about the war.
In On Hitler’s Mountain: A Nazi Childhood, Irmgard gives us a portrait of a nation that has lot its moral compass. She was growing up in the beautiful mountains of Berchtesgaden — just steps from Adolf Hitler’s alpine retreat. Imagine that, having your home near Hitler’s home.
One day, Hitler calls her out, ‘come on my little doll’, makes her sit in his lap and plays with her. Her grandfather could not believe what he was seeing: Hitler is playing with his little granddaughter. But he was not amused. He heard a lot about Hitler’s atrocities. He looks at Hitler in anger. Of Course, Hitler did not notice him. But he already had a system set up to catch such angry individuals.
If your grandfather was angry at the Fuhrer, you should inform your teacher and the teacher calls the Gestapo and the Gestapo comes to arrest your grandfather. When she was a nine year old girl, she almost betrayed her grandfather because her Nazi teacher wanted to know what her grandfather thought about the war. You would spy on your own parents and family members. It was such a totalitarian state.
Christianity teaches that children belong to God and then to parents. Naziism taught that they don’t belong to God or parents but to the State.
The Nazi worldview was a man-centered worldview. A Hitler photograph was hung in every classroom and saluted by the students each morning. For everyone in Germany, during those years, what mattered was what Hitler thought. Whatever he would utter becomes the law of the land. It was a man centered worldview. Hitler became their Guru. Christianity is a Christ centered worldview. Only Christ is our guru. We don’t salute a human being’s portrait. Christians are instructed to examine every ideology in the light of the Bible because nothing is more superior than the Word of God.
Nazi state emphasized nationalism based on German language, German culture and Aryan race. Ein volk, ein Reich– one people, one state. Nationalism is not always a bad thing.
American nationalism is built upon e pluribus unum. Out of many, German nationalism was one out of one. There was no place for the other. Ein volk, ein Reich.
That is against Christian ideals. In Christ, we are all one. There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. (Galatians 3:28).
In Revelation chapter 5, we see a glimpse of heaven. There you see people of all races, of all nations, of all tribes and of all languages gathering together and worshipping the Lord Jesus Christ. That is the Christian vision of the future for humanity. The Nazi vision of one state for one race of people is incompatible with Christian vision. A racial supremacist would be very uncomfortable in heaven.
The Nazis also entertained a nostalgia for their pre-Christian pagan past. Many Nazis were active members of occultist groups such as Thule Society. It was named after a mythical Greek legend. Alfred Rosenberg was convicted in Nuremberg trials which were conducted after the Second World War to bring Nazis to justice. He was the only Nazi conivicted just for writing a book promoting Nazi philosophy. He argued that German society must shed its Christian pretensions and return to Greek paganism. He opined that Judaism and it’s child Christianity only destroyed the ancient paganism of Germanic tribes. Their penchant for paganism should not be missed. Christianity rejects paganism and points us to one true living God, who manifested to us in Christ.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German philosopher. He exerted a lot of influence on Nazis. There is a photo in which we find Adolf Hitler admiringly looking at a bust of Nietzsche.
Nietzsche famously declared, ‘God is dead and we have killed him’. By those words, Nietzsche did not mean that God really existed until we murdered him. He meant that we finally got rid of God whom we created in our imaginations. Nazi Germany agreed with Nietzsche: God of the Bible had no place in our lives. Then Nietzsche confronts them with a more serious question: If God of the Bible had no place in your lives, why are you still clinging to his morality?
Nietzsche said, ‘This universal love, universal equality, universal charity, universal empathy, universal human rights – they all came from Christianity. And we don’t need them’.
Nietzsche disparagingly called it slave morality. Nietzsche asked German people to discard it and embrace master morality. In master morality, the opposites of moral virtues become virtues. For example, in slave morality, equality is a virtue but in master morality, inequality is the virtue.
The master says, ‘I am the master. You are a slave. You should not demand equality from me’. The Nazis loved it. In master morality, the master decides what is right and wrong. God has no place in that system.
Nietzsche argued that after becoming atheists, we must throw away Christian morality and embrace moral relativism. Throw away the slave morality of the Bible. Embrace the master morality of the Aryan race. Herman Goering was one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi party. He argued that Holocaust is not wrong or evil, it actually necessary means to preserve the order. Nazi leaders believed in such moral relativism. In slave morality, Holocaust is evil but in master morality, it is a good thing.
Many Hindu thinkers loved Nietzsche. For example, author J Sai Deepak says, ‘all this democracy, secularism, tolerance, equal rights came from Christian political theory. We don’t need them in India.’
“The democratic movement is the heir to Christianity” – that is a quotation from Nietzsche. Nazis agreed with Nietzsche. According to German radio, in 1943, Hitler sent to Mussolini a complete set of Nietzsche’s works (August 22,1943 New York Times) as a birthday present. The Nazis also distributed Nietzsche’s famous book, Thus Spake Zarathustra. Thousands of copies were distributed to Nazi soldiers. This book says that because God is dead, every man is his own Superman and every woman is her own superwoman. Nietzsche called this superman Ubermensch. Being godless, now you can create your own morality, your own meaning and your own destiny. You are not under any commandments of God.
Compare that to Christianity which demands complete submission to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ. Christianity does not call you a superman or a superwoman. It calls you a sinner who is dead in sin. You must be saved by the blood of Lord Jesus Christ and become a child of God.
Another foundation of Nazi revolution was Darwinism. Before Darwin, the Western world believed that human beings were the crown of God’s creation. Every individual is specially created by God with an eternal soul for eternal purposes of God. Darwin said, no. Man is just another animal born out of blind chances occurring in nature. There is nothing sacred about human life. This view formed the basis of Nazi worldview.
Viktor Frankl was an Austrian Holocaust survivor and a neuropsychologist. In 1944 he was taken to Auschwitz concentration camp along with his mother and brother. He spent a total of three years in four concentration camps. While he survived, his mother and brother were gassed to death at Auschwitz. After the Holocaust he wrote books on his experiences that sold millions of copies. Let me read what he wrote in one of his books:
“If we present a man with a concept of man which is not true, we may well corrupt him. When we present man as an automaton of reflexes, as a mind-machine, as a bundle of instincts, as a pawn of drives and reactions, as a mere product of instinct, heredity and environment, we feed the nihilism to which modern man is, in any case, prone.
I became acquainted with the last stage of that corruption in my second concentration camp, Auschwitz. The gas chambers of Auschwitz were the ultimate consequence of the theory that man is nothing but the product of heredity and environment; or as the Nazi liked to say, ‘of Blood and Soil.’ I am absolutely convinced that the gas chambers of Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Maidanek were ultimately prepared not in some Ministry or other in Berlin, but rather at the desks and lecture halls of nihilistic scientists and philosophers.”
(Viktor E. Frankl, The Doctor and the Soul: From Psychotherapy to Logotherapy)
Note those words: The gas chambers of Auschwitz were the ultimate consequence of the theory that man is nothing but the product of heredity and environment; I am absolutely convinced that the gas chambers were ultimately prepared not in Berlin, but rather at the desks and lecture halls of nihilistic scientists and philosophers.
After Darwin, there is nothing special about human beings: They are just bundles of reflexes and instincts driven by selfish genes and stimulating hormones.
There is nothing Christian about those gas chambers. Viktor Frankl was not a Christian. He was Jewish. He squarely identified Darwinian and Nietzschean nihilism as the root causes of gas chambers.
Aryan Racial supremacism
Initially, most evolutionists believed in the hierarchy of races. On the pyramid of evolution, the darkest human beings are at the bottom and the fairest human beings are at the top. The Nazis believed evolution made put them at the top. They believed in the superiority of the Aryan race.
Based on evolutionary theory, they built race science. They believed in the survival of the fittest. European races will survive and African races will go into extinction. Leading evolutionists such as Ernest Haeckel, Herbert Spencer subdivided humanity into a hierarchy of evolving races. They taught this pyramid as an academic subject, with Germanic people on the top and dark skinned people on the lowest rung of the pyramid. Evolutionary anthropologist Georges Lapouge divided human beings into races based on skull types. He argued that different races, their abilities, and their intelligence can be understood by examining their skulls.
Christianity says all human beings came out of one couple, Adam and Eve (Genesis 1). They are of one blood (Acts 17). They are all equally loved by God in Christ (John 3:16). Never in the Bible do we find one race elevated above other races.
Hitler once said, “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews”. His evil genius was that he prepared German people to accept that reality.
Earlier I talked about a book by Irmgard Hunt. She writes in her book about Jewish families in her neighborhood. A Jewish couple would take a walk with their little son. A gang of children would follow them shouting obscenities and rude rhymes. Right from childhood, people were taught to hate their Jewish neighbors. This child who was singing rude rhymes at his Jewish neighbors would eagerly take the job of transporting them to the nearest camp as an youngman.
Hitler said,“Once the hatred and the battle against the Jews have been really stirred up, their resistance will necessarily crumble in the shortest possible time. They are totally defenseless and no one will stand up to protect them”
Saul Friedlander was born in a Jewish family in Prague in 1933. When the Nazis took over Czechoslovakia, he and his family fled to France. When the Nazis advanced on France, his parents put him in a Catholic seminary hoping to save his life. They were captured by French Vichy police and sent to Auschwitz, where they perished.
Saul Friedlander produced the two-volume Nazi Germany and the Jews. It won the Pulitzer Prize in 2008. In this work he argued that Nazi antisemitism was separate from other forms of antisemitism which existed in Europe for millennia. He calls it ‘redemptive antisemitism’. The Nazis believed Germany could be redeemed only through a complete annihilation of Jewish life.
Christianity is the most pro-Jewish ideology in the world. As you read through the Bible, you will get an appreciation for Jewish people – God chose them to be his chosen people, God communicated to humanity through Jewish prophets, God gave the scriptures to humanity through the Jews and finally God came to this world as a Jew. Christianity is the only religion in the world that worships a Jewish gentleman as God himself. For Christians, today, God in heaven is in a human form, which He took upon himself when He was born in this world two thousand years ago as Jesus of Nazareth. In other words, God himself is Jewish.
Christianity eschatology does not say that Christians replaced the Jews. Read the Book of Revelation. Christian eschatology teaches that Jews will enter their golden age under the Messiah who is our Lord Jesus Christ. God will give the messianic kingdom to the Jews. Jerusalem will be the capital of the world under the Messiah Jesus. In fact, God wrote the names of the 12 tribes of Israel on the 12 gates of the city of Heaven (Revelation 21:12). So, it is a Jewish heaven. An antisemite will feel terrible in heaven.
So, it is bizarre to blame Christianity for Nazi antisemitism. Jesus said, love your enemies. Hitler said, hate even your friends if they happen to be Jews.
Nazis called their era as Third Reich. They were not thinking like regular political leaders: Let us rule for the next twenty years or thirty years, which itself is a lot of time to stay in power in modern politics. They planned a 1000 year reign. It was presented as a utopia that would last for a millennium.
Christianity is against man made millennial projects. We look forward to the second coming of Jesus. He will bring the millennial reign that brings real peace and prosperity to this world. Any man-inspired millennial projects are anathema to Christianity.
Also, Nazis took inspiration from Italian fascism. Hitler and Mussolini became friends. Fascism had its roots in the First World War. People were dissatisfied with liberal democracy, capitalism and limited government. Mussolini and his fascists came to power in 1922. Then there was a global economic crash in 1929. People’s belief in capitalism and democracy further eroded after this Depression.
In his book ‘The Doctrine of Fascism’ (1932), Mussolini argued that fascism is a spiritual doctrine and every individual must totally devote himself to a higher goal, which is the nation and its protector, the state. Only through total commitment to the state one’s spiritual needs are met. Basically fascism puts the state in the place of God.
Christianity is against that ideology. Man’s spiritual need is following the kingdom of God, not the kingdom of man (Matthew 6:33). Our total commitment must be to God, not to the state.
The Nazis called themselves National Socialists. Socialism is a concept related to communism. It involves public ownership and control of property. Karl Marx’s socialism was an economic one with an internationalist approach. He was Jewish. The Nazis did not like his Jewishness and his internationalism. So, they created their own version of socialism based on nationalism.
Some Nazis Portrayed Jesus as an Aryan socialist. Jesus being the most influential person in human history, everyone wants him in their camp. Nazis wanted to strip him of his Jewishness, of his divinity and of his crucifixion for our sins and just wanted him to fight as an Aryan socialist.
That is bizarre because Jesus was a Jew who came to save us from our sins and their eternal consequences. He was not interested in establishing earthly progressive states built on socialism.
The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, or Hitler-Stalin Pact was signed on August 23, 1939. It facilitated Hitler to start World War II by invading Poland on September 1, 1939. Sixteen days later, Stalin’s army invaded Poland from the East. Both destroyed human life with impunity.
Stalin famously said, ‘One death is a tragedy, a million is a statistic’. Hilter too was not bothered by body counts. He believed in intense militarism. Every able bodied person must be trained to fight a world war to create living space for the propagation of a racially pure German nation.
Christianity calls for contentment with basic necessities for life like housing, food and clothing (1 Timothy 6:6-10). Even one death is not a statistic. Every individual is precious in the sight of God.
When I visited Auschwitz a few years ago, I stopped to read the words inscribed on the main gate of the camp: Arbeit macht frei. They mean ‘work makes you free’. The Nazis knew the words of Jesus, who said, ‘truth shall make you free’ (John 8:32). Contemptuously and intentionally contradicting the words of our Lord Jesus Christ is not Christian behavior.
Nazis valued every human being based on their economic value to the society. They thought people with physical and mental disabilities are useless to society. That is utilitarianism. Nazis went after the most vulnerable in the society. They started a euthanasia program known as T4 to murder the weakest human beings.
Christianity places equal value on all human beings irrespective of their economic value. The world’s richest man and a homeless person down the street- they are equally precious in the sight of God.
Christianity values even the weakest among us.
Who is fighting for the unborn today?
Who is fighting against eugenics?
Who is fighting against euthanasia?
They are Christians.
Hinduism cannot even address the problem
Many Hindu leaders loved what Hitler was doing in Germany. Today in India, Savarkar became the role model for Hindu extremists. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883 – 1966) was an atheist in his private life but he wanted India, a nation defined by Hinduism.
Nathuram Godse assassinated Gandhi in 1948. In 1929, as a nineteen-year-old, Godse met Savarkar. Unsurprisingly, Savarkar was charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination of Gandhi. Savarkar received Hitler’s notorious book Mein Kamph as a gift. He loved the Nazi ideology and wanted to adopt it for the people of India. He argued, just as Germany could be home only for the Aryan race, India must be home only to people who belong to Hinduism and its religions. Just as Jews living in Germany cannot be trusted, Christians and Muslims living in India cannot be trusted. Savarkar took it as a matter of pride that Nazis adopted swastika as their symbol, which has been a symbol of well-being in Hinduism.
Esther Dhanraj and Indumathi, they love Savarkar who admired Hitler and his Nazi ideology. It is hypocritical of them to label Nazis as evil Christians on one hand and to follow Savarkar on the other hand. They should remember that prominent Hindu leaders like Savarkar, Hedgewar, Swami Satyananda, Savitri Devi, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose venerated Hitler.
If any of these individuals were to meet Hitler, how would they address him? Namaskar, Hitler ji, kaise hai? Namaskar means the divine in me bows to the divine in you.
Tatvam asi. Thou art that. You are part of the divine and I am part of the divine. Hinduism treats even Hitler as part of the divine. He is as divine as Gandhi. Every one ultimately be united with the divine including Hitler. Such pantheism destroys one’s capacity to recognize evil.
Hinduism does not possess philosophical or physical strength to confront evils like Naziism. In fact, many Hindu scholars told people to submit to Hitler because he was helping them to pay for their karma. Gandhi said Jews must submit to Hitler. “Hitler killed five million Jews. It is the greatest crime of our time. But the Jews should have offered themselves to the butcher’s knife. They should have thrown themselves into the sea from cliffs. As it is, they succumbed anyway in their millions.”
Following Gandhi’s advice would have made Hitler’s job much easier. Gary Zukhav wrote that Jews were paying for the karma from their past lives and Hitler was helping them to get rid of their bad karma. Dalai Lama said if you meet Hitler, you should not be even angry. “The thought is that Hitler is an unfortunate node in the way the world is unfolding. He did not choose to be the evil person he is. He deserves compassion, not anger”.
He did not choose to be the evil person he is? He was just an unfortunate node? Eastern religions will turn even Hitler into a sympathetic figure. They do not possess the worldview to see evil as it is.
Was not Hitler born in a Catholic family?
It’s true that Hitler was born to a practising Roman Catholic mother. He was even baptized as a Catholic. He presented himself as a Christian to German society in his early political life. He was acting more like a politician in this matter. It’s like Bernie Sanders running for US President. Bernie is not a religious person. But to win votes in a primary, he must impress some Christians in states like South Carolina. So we see him or any politician running for US President, going to a church on Sunday morning and quoting some scriptures. They were behind the pulpit for votes. Little bit of ‘God talk’ takes you a long way in some critical primaries.
Hitler played similar tricks in his politics. He was a Catholic and one in three Germans was a Catholic. He would often criticize Bolshevism to impress Catholics and Christians to show himself as a Christian. But most historians agree that Hitler held hostility to Christianity.
It’s true many Nazis celebrated Christmas and exchanged gifts on the holiday. I came across many atheists who exchange Christmas gifts. They strip Christmas of its supernatural strappings and use it just for fun.
The Popes joined hands with the Nazis
We often hear the charge, ‘the Popes joined hands with the Nazis’. How was the behavior of the Popes during Nazi period? We have to talk about the actions of two popes.
Pope Pius XI (1857-1939): in 1929, he settled the Lateral Treaty with Mussolini. He thought he could make use of Mussolini’s fascist power to create a Catholic state across Italy. That is against the clear teaching of the Bible (Revelation 3:20). Evangelism is a matter of heart. It should never rely on state power to propagate the faith.
Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli served Pius XI as the Vatican Secretary of State. In July 1933, he signed a contract with Nazis seeking non-interference. With fascists, the Popes wanted to join hands. With Nazis, they wanted to keep distance. That proved futile. Both fascists and Nazis twisted their elbows to get things done their way.
When Pope Pius XI died on February 10,1939, his final words were “Let there be peace.” A draft of a papal letter was found on his desk. He was preparing it before his death. It is titled Humani generis unitas or The Unity of the Human Race. It demanded an end to the persecution of Jews. We call it the Secret Encyclical. So, it seems the Pope was going through a moral turmoil in his conscience for not doing what God wanted him to do at that critical time in history.
Pope Pius XII (1878 – 1958): Cardinal Pacelli who worked under Pope Pius XI became Pope Pius XII in 1939. From the beginning, he wanted friendly relationship with Nazis. In 1943, when the Jews from Rome were rounded up to be sent to Auschwitz, he did not open his mouth. Some historians say that he still saved thousands of people from extinction. But he was no John the Baptist calling out the sins of King Herod. One in three Germans was a Catholic. The Pius Popes wanted friendly relationship with the Nazis. Lord Jesus Christ never wanted any friendship with Roman emperors or King Herods or any power players of his day like Pharisees and Sadducees.
When I visited Auschwitz, I spent some time in front of a prison cell which housed a Polish Catholic priest named Maximilian Kolbe (1894-1941). After he was arrested by the Gestapo, he volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the death camp. Hearing his story brought tears to my eyes. How many of us are willing to die for a stranger? Had the Pius Popes shown the courage of Mr.Kolbe, history would have been different.
Many individual Christians fought the Nazis with courage and convictions. Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906 – 1945) was a Lutheran pastor. He fearlessly called out the evils of Nazis. He opposed the totalitarian regime, their euthanasia programs and their concentration camps. The Nazis executed him by hanging on 9 April 1945.
Christians brought Nazis to justice:
We should also remember that it was Christians who brought the Nazis to justice. General Eisenhower was a devout Christian. After learning about Nazi atrocities, he took a firm decision to destroy them, no matter what would be the cost.
From the Battle of Iwo Jima to the Battle of Bulge, from the Battle of Britain to D Day, it was Christian soldiers who fought to destroy the Nazis.
After the Second World War, when the Nazis were put to trial at Nuremberg, they argued that everything they had done was in accordance with the German law. The Ten Commandments were posted in that hall and they were convicted under the natural law. Only in Judeo-Christian worldview, can we even call such acts as ‘evil’. In Eastern religions, it is just an ‘unfortunate node’. In atheistic evolution, it is just a ‘selfish gene’.
To conclude, it is easy to say that Nazis were Christians. But if you analyze the complex web of ideologies which inspired them, Christianity was not one of them.
Utopianism, revolutionarism, totalitarianism, humanism, nationalism, paganism, occultism, atheism, moral relativism, Darwinism, racial supremacism, antisemitism, millennialism, fascism, socialism, militarism,, utilitarianism – none of it has any trace of Christianity. In fact, everyone of them is antithetical to Christian truth elaborated in the Bible. We can even say that it was due to abandonment of Christian principles, something as monstrous as Holocaust even became a possibility in a once Christian nation.
Paul Kattupalli MD